Rolling Steel Heating Furnace
reheat furnace of a steel mill
Rolling Steel Heating Furnace
reheat furnace of a steel mill

Reheating Furnace

Here are some of its features:

  • Fuel source: Reheating furnaces can be powered by a variety of fuels, including natural gas, coal, oil, and electricity. The choice of fuel depends on factors such as availability, cost, and environmental regulations.
  • Temperature range: Reheating furnaces can reach temperatures of up to 1,300°C (2,372°F) or higher, depending on the type of metal being heated and the specific requirements of the manufacturing process.
  • Control systems: Modern reheating furnaces are equipped with advanced control systems that allow operators to precisely monitor and adjust the temperature, fuel consumption, and other parameters to optimize the heating process.
  • Size and capacity: Reheating furnaces come in a range of sizes and capacities to accommodate different production volumes and types of metals. Some furnaces are designed to handle large ingots or billets, while others are used for smaller, more specialized applications.
  • Efficiency: Energy efficiency is an important consideration for reheating furnaces, as they consume large amounts of fuel and can have a significant impact on a company’s operating costs. Many modern furnaces are designed to maximize efficiency and minimize waste through advanced combustion and heat recovery systems.


A reheating furnace is a type of industrial furnace used in the steelmaking process to heat metal ingots or slabs to a temperature that is high enough to be shaped or rolled. The furnace uses burners to heat the air that is blown into the furnace, which in turn heats the metal inside.

Reheating furnaces are typically used in hot rolling mills, where large metal slabs or billets are reheated and then rolled into thin sheets or other shapes. The temperature at which the metal is reheated depends on the type of metal and the desired end product, but it is typically between 1,100 and 1,300 degrees Celsius.

Reheating furnace: Working Principle

The working principle of a reheating furnace is based on the combustion of fuel to generate heat, which is then transferred to the metal being heated. The furnace typically consists of a chamber that is lined with refractory material to withstand high temperatures.                       The process begins with the charging of metal ingots or slabs into the furnace. The fuel, which is usually a mixture of natural gas and air, is then ignited by a burner located at the bottom of the furnace. The combustion process generates high-temperature gases that are directed toward the metal inside the furnace.                                                                                                                                                                          To ensure uniform heating, the air blown into the furnace is preheated to a temperature between 700 and 1000 degrees Celsius. The metal is heated to the desired temperature by the transfer of heat from the hot gases. The temperature is monitored using thermocouples, and the heating process is controlled by adjusting the flow rate of the fuel and air.
Once the metal has reached the desired temperature, it is ready to be shaped or rolled into the desired shape or form. The metal is then removed from the furnace and transferred to the next stage of the manufacturing process. The reheating furnace can be used repeatedly to heat additional batches of metal, allowing for continuous production.

Main performance:

The product specifications for a reheating furnace may vary depending on the specific requirements of the steel plant, but some common specifications include:

  1. Heating capacity: This refers to the amount of steel that the furnace can heat in a given time. The heating capacity is typically measured in tons per hour (TPH).
  2. Temperature range: The furnace should be able to reach and maintain a specific temperature range suitable for the type of steel being processed. The temperature range can vary depending on the grade of steel and the type of processing.
  3. Fuel type: Reheating furnaces can be powered by a variety of fuels, including natural gas, coke oven gas, and coal. The choice of fuel will depend on factors such as availability, cost, and environmental regulations.
  4. Efficiency: A high-efficiency furnace can save energy and reduce operating costs. The efficiency of a reheating furnace can be measured in terms of fuel consumption per ton of steel processed.
  5. Control system: The furnace should have a reliable control system that allows operators to adjust the temperature and other parameters as needed. The control system should also provide safety features such as alarms and automatic shut-offs in case of emergencies.
  6. Size and layout: The size and layout of the furnace will depend on factors such as the available space, the type of steel being processed, and the production requirements.
  7. Emissions: Reheating furnaces can emit pollutants such as carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, and particulate matter. The furnace should be designed to minimize emissions and comply with local environmental regulations.

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